Japan is a country rich in traditions and customs that have been passed down through generations. One such tradition that holds a special place in Japanese culture is “hachijuu.” In this article, we will explore the meaning and significance of hachijuu, its historical roots, and how it continues to shape Japanese society today.

What is Hachijuu?

Hachijuu, which translates to “eighty” in English, refers to the celebration of an individual’s 80th birthday in Japan. This milestone is considered highly significant and is marked with various rituals and festivities. Hachijuu is deeply rooted in the belief that reaching the age of 80 is a remarkable achievement and a cause for celebration.

The Historical Significance of Hachijuu

The tradition of hachijuu can be traced back to ancient Japan, where the average life expectancy was much lower than it is today. In those times, reaching the age of 80 was a rare feat and was seen as a sign of wisdom, longevity, and good fortune. It was believed that those who reached this milestone had acquired a deep understanding of life and possessed valuable insights to share with younger generations.

During the Edo period (1603-1868), hachijuu became an established tradition in Japanese society. It was customary for family members and friends to gather and honor the individual who had turned 80. This celebration served as a way to express gratitude for their wisdom and guidance, as well as to seek their blessings for a long and prosperous life.

The Rituals and Festivities of Hachijuu

Hachijuu is marked by various rituals and festivities that vary depending on the region and family traditions. Here are some common elements of hachijuu celebrations:

  • Shukudai: The shukudai, or “table of offerings,” is an essential part of hachijuu celebrations. It consists of a beautifully decorated table adorned with symbolic items such as fruits, flowers, and traditional Japanese sweets. The table is meant to honor the individual who has turned 80 and to express gratitude for their long life.
  • Kakizome: Kakizome, which translates to “first writing,” is a calligraphy ritual that takes place during hachijuu celebrations. The individual who has turned 80 writes a kanji character that represents their aspirations for the coming year. This practice is believed to bring good luck and is seen as a way to start the year with positive intentions.
  • Family Gatherings: Hachijuu is a time for family members to come together and celebrate the milestone. It is common for multiple generations to gather and share a meal, exchange stories, and express their love and appreciation for the individual who has turned 80.
  • Gifts and Blessings: Family and friends often present gifts and offer blessings to the individual who has reached 80. These gifts can range from practical items to symbolic tokens of good fortune. The blessings are meant to convey well wishes for continued health, happiness, and longevity.

The Significance of Hachijuu in Modern Japan

While the average life expectancy in Japan has increased significantly over the years, hachijuu continues to hold great importance in modern Japanese society. Here are a few reasons why hachijuu remains significant:

  • Respect for the Elderly: Hachijuu serves as a reminder of the respect and reverence that Japanese society holds for the elderly. It is a time to honor their wisdom, experience, and contributions to the community.
  • Intergenerational Bonding: Hachijuu brings together multiple generations of a family, fostering a sense of unity and strengthening family bonds. It provides an opportunity for younger family members to learn from their elders and carry forward the values and traditions of their ancestors.
  • Reflection on Life: Hachijuu prompts individuals to reflect on their life journey and the lessons they have learned along the way. It encourages introspection and self-discovery, leading to personal growth and a deeper appreciation for the gift of life.

Case Study: Hachijuu in Practice

To gain a deeper understanding of hachijuu, let’s explore a real-life case study of how this tradition is celebrated in Japan.

In the city of Kyoto, the Tanaka family recently celebrated the 80th birthday of their matriarch, Mrs. Tanaka. The family began preparations weeks in advance, meticulously planning every aspect of the hachijuu celebration.

On the day of the event, the Tanaka family gathered at their ancestral home. The house was adorned with beautiful decorations, and a shukudai was set up in the main hall. Mrs. Tanaka’s children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren all came together to honor her.

The celebration began with a heartfelt speech by Mrs. Tanaka’s eldest son, expressing gratitude for her love, guidance, and sacrifices over the years. This was followed by a traditional tea ceremony, symbolizing harmony and tranquility.

Next, Mrs. Tanaka participated in the kakizome ritual, where she wrote the kanji character for “longevity” with a calligraphy brush. This act was met with applause and cheers from her family, who wished her a long and healthy life.

The day continued with a lavish feast, featuring Mrs. Tanaka’s favorite dishes prepared by her children and grandchildren. The family shared stories, laughter, and tears as they reminisced about cherished memories and expressed their love and appreciation for Mrs. Tanaka.

The hachijuu celebration concluded with the exchange of gifts and blessings. Each family member presented Mrs. Tanaka with a heartfelt gift, symbolizing their love and respect. They also offered their blessings, wishing her continued health, happiness, and fulfillment in the years to come.


1. Is hachijuu celebrated in all regions of Japan?

Yes, hachijuu is celebrated throughout Japan, although specific customs and traditions may vary from region to region.

2. What is the significance of the shukudai in hachijuu celebrations?

The shukudai is a symbolic table of offerings that expresses gratitude for the individual who has turned 80. It represents abundance, prosperity, and respect for the wisdom and guidance they have imparted over the years.

3. Are there any other milestones celebrated in Japanese culture?

Yes, there are several other milestones celebrated in Japanese