Why 14 Feb is Considered a Black Day in Political History – Explained


On February 14th, a day typically associated with love and romance around the globe, political history tells a different tale. This date, ironically, marks a series of tragic events and notorious incidents that have come to shape the socio-political landscape in significant ways. From assassinations to uprisings, February 14th has earned a reputation as a “Black Day” in political history.

The Assassination of Rafik Hariri:

One of the most prominent events that occurred on February 14th was the assassination of Rafik Hariri, the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, in 2005. This heinous act not only claimed the life of a respected leader but also led to a political upheaval and widespread protests in Lebanon. The repercussions of Hariri’s assassination are felt to this day, with the country still grappling with its aftermath.

The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre:

Another infamous event linked to February 14th is the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre that took place in 1929 in Chicago, Illinois. This organized crime incident, orchestrated by the notorious mobster Al Capone, resulted in the murder of seven members of a rival gang. The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre shocked the nation and underscored the extent of violence and lawlessness during the Prohibition era.

The Iranian Revolution:

February 14th, 1979, marks the beginning of the end for the Pahlavi dynasty in Iran. On this day, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini called for nationwide protests against the Shah’s regime, setting off a chain of events that culminated in the Iranian Revolution. The revolution not only transformed Iran’s political landscape but also had far-reaching implications for the Middle East and beyond.

The “Bloody Sunday” in Northern Ireland:

In 1972, February 14th became synonymous with tragedy in Northern Ireland as British soldiers opened fire on civil rights protesters in Derry, a day that would later be known as “Bloody Sunday”. Fourteen innocent civilians lost their lives in the massacre, fueling tensions and escalating the conflict in the region. The Bloody Sunday incident remains a dark chapter in the history of the Troubles in Northern Ireland.

The Fall of the Islandic Government:

Iceland witnessed a political earthquake on February 14th, 2017, when the government coalition collapsed following a scandal involving the Prime Minister’s father. The leaked documents, known as the “Panama Papers”, revealed offshore investments of several Icelandic officials, leading to public outcry and calls for accountability. The fallout from the scandal ultimately led to the resignation of Iceland’s Prime Minister and triggered early elections.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions):

1. Why is February 14th referred to as a “Black Day” in political history?

Answer: February 14th has been associated with significant tragedies and notorious incidents in political history, including assassinations, massacres, revolutions, and government collapses, giving rise to its reputation as a “Black Day”.

2. What was the significance of the assassination of Rafik Hariri on February 14th, 2005?

Answer: The assassination of Rafik Hariri, the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, on February 14th, 2005, sparked political turmoil in Lebanon and led to widespread protests. The repercussions of this tragic event are still felt in the country today.

3. What took place during the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre in 1929?

Answer: The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre in 1929 was a brutal organized crime incident in Chicago, orchestrated by Al Capone, resulting in the murder of seven members of a rival gang. This event highlighted the violence and lawlessness of the Prohibition era.

4. How did the Iranian Revolution begin on February 14th, 1979?

Answer: On February 14th, 1979, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini called for nationwide protests against the Shah’s regime in Iran, marking the start of the Iranian Revolution. This revolution had profound political and regional consequences.

5. What occurred during the Bloody Sunday incident in Northern Ireland on February 14th, 1972?

Answer: February 14th, 1972, saw the Bloody Sunday massacre in Northern Ireland, where British soldiers fired on civil rights protesters in Derry, resulting in the deaths of fourteen civilians. This tragic event exacerbated tensions during the Troubles.


February 14th stands as a stark reminder of the dark moments in political history when tragedies and upheavals unfolded, leaving a lasting impact on nations and societies. From assassinations to massacres, revolutions, and political upheavals, the events that transpired on this date have shaped the course of history and serve as poignant reminders of the fragility of political power and the resilience of human spirit in the face of adversity.

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Kavya Patel
Kavya Patel
Kavya Patеl is an еxpеriеncеd tеch writеr and AI fan focusing on natural languagе procеssing and convеrsational AI. With a computational linguistics and machinе lеarning background, Kavya has contributеd to rising NLP applications.

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